Andreas Schildbach via bitcoin-dev
2018-04-13 15:32:15 UTC
 of a compatibility issue between segwit and BIP37 (Bloom Filtering).
The issue affects only P2WPKH and the special case of transactions
without change outputs (such as when emptying a wallet). In this case,
neither inputs not outputs contain any data elements that would cause a
match for the filter. The public key, which would match, goes to the
witness but not to the input.
My suggestion was to include an OP_RETURN output with a matching public
key in such transactions. Anton confirmed that this workaround is indeed
working. But of course it nullifies some of the segwit's size improvements.
I wonder if Bitcoin Core would be willing to extend the BIP37 matching
rules such that data elements in the witness are also matched against?